Here is a list of the most common causes of gallstones.

The cause of gallstones varies. There are two main types of gallstones:

Here is a list of the most common causes of gallstones.

Obesity is another common cause of gallstones. This is due to the fact that being overweight also makes your chance of having high cholesterol levels higher. Women especially should be careful of keeping their weight in check.

These symptoms aren't always caused by gallstones but if you have them, see your GP.

Here is a list of the most common causes of gallstones.

High levels of estrogen, usually from multiple pregnancies or birth control pills (or both), are thought to be one cause of gallstones in women. Other factors that put a person at higher risk of developing gallstones are:

Yo-yo dieting and losing weight too quickly also have the potential to cause gallstones.

Obesity is another common cause of gallstones. This is due to the fact that being overweight also makes your chance of having high cholesterol levels higher. Women especially should be careful of keeping their weight in check.

It's not clear what causes gallstones to form. Doctors think gallstones may result when:


The cause of gallstones is not completely understood, but it is thought to have multiple factors. The gallbladder stores bile and releases it into the small intestine when it is needed for digestion. Gallstones can develop if the bile contains too much cholesterol or too much bilirubin (one of the components of bile), or if the gallbladder is dysfunctional and cannot release the bile.Shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) of the gallbladder has also been used for people who cannot have surgery. This treatment is not used as often as it once was because gallstones often come back. Porcelain gallbladder is a condition in which the wall of the gallbladder becomes covered with calcium deposits. It sometimes occurs after long-term inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis), which can be caused by gallstones. People with this condition have a higher risk of developing gallbladder cancer (possibly because both conditions can be related to inflammation). A common complication cause by gallstones is blockage of the cystic duct. Sometimes gallstones may make their way out of the gallbladder and into the cystic duct, the channel through which bile travels from the gallbladder to the . An inflammation of the gallbladder () can occur if the flow of bile in the cystic duct is severely impeded or blocked by any gallstones.Doctors are not sure about what causes gallstones. It's possible that the bile in your gallbladder may contain too much cholesterol. When that happens, your bile is unable to dissolve the cholesterol, and it turns into stones. Another possible reason is that your gallbladder does not empty frequently enough or completely. Some health conditions also can cause your liver to make too much bilirubin. A buildup of this chemical in your bile can also cause gallstones. Obesity and diets high in fat and low in fiber can also cause gallstones. Other risk factors are age (over 60), gender (women are at higher risk than men), diabetes, rapid weight loss, family history of gallstones, and taking cholesterol-lowering drugs.Taking medications and the health of someone’s liver, including , also impact gallbladder health and can determine whether or not someone develops gallstones. Some drugs contain estrogen, such as birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy, so these can increase the odds for gallstones. Taking drugs that lower cholesterol levels in the blood can also cause gallstones since these make the liver release more cholesterol into the bile. This can affect everything from mood and metabolism to sleep and sexual functioning.While diet doesn’t directly cause gallstones, certain foods and eating patterns can increase the risk of developing the condition. Too much animal fat, cholesterol and refined carbohydrates and too little fibre make gallstones more likely. So does carrying excess fat around your midsection.On the other hand, there are reasons why gallstones seem to be more commonplace in women than in men. These reasons have nothing to do with physiological differences between the sexes, but more with modern day practices. This is what causes gallstones in women the most:The mere presence of gallstones may cause more gallstones to develop. Other factors that contribute to the formation of gallstones, particularly cholesterol stones, include:Because gallstone symptoms may be similar to those of a heart attack, appendicitis, ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, hiatal hernia, pancreatitis, and hepatitis, an accurate diagnosis is important.